Nestled in the majestic pine forests of East Texas, Sabine County has an area of 456 square miles, four-fifths of which is the Sabine National Forest. To the east is Toledo Bend Reservoir, Sam Raybum Reservoir at the southwest corer, San Augustine County to the west, Shelby County to the north and Newton and Jasper Counties to the south. The county seat is located in the town of Hemphill. The only other incorporated town in the county is Pineland.
Sabine County was an original county in the Republic of Texas and today has the unique distinction of having the same boundaries that were given by the Congress of the Republic of Texas.
The District of Sabine was populated enough to be represented in 1832 at the San Felipe Convention and declared a municipality by the Mexican Government. In 1836, it was declared to be a county and organized as such in 1837 by the Republic of Texas.
Sabine County does not fit the typical “Texas” image that is often portrayed – oil rich, boom or bust, cattle, and open prairies. Sabine County is great majestic stands of pine forests; Sabine County is timber and the Toledo Bend Reservoir and tourism.
To appreciate the significance of this area of Texas one must explore this vast East Texas Pineywood area. A visitor might be interested in tracing the history of this area by visiting the many historical landmarkers or by a visit to the nearly 100 historic cemeteries of Sabine County. They may also wish to relax beside the glistening waters of Toledo Bend Reservoir with over 1,200 miles of shoreline.
Sabine County was the home of three signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence: John S. Roberts, James Gaines and William Clark Jr. It was also home of John C. Hale, a martyr of San Jacinto.